Region: Western Highlands
Screen size: 15/16
Varietal: Arusha, Bourbon, Mundo Nuvo, Catimor and Caturra
Process: Washed, sun and/or machine dried
Altitude: 1600 meters above sea level
Cupping Notes: FA Choc, biscuity, some savory notes. Flavour of choc, nectarine, and pear skin on cooling. Syrupy acidity, smooth body. Well balanced. Clean, lingering aftertaste.
Internal Cupping Score: 82.75 points
Coffee production in PNG is dominated by village-based smallholder farmers, who grow coffee in gardens of up to two hectares. Smallholder farmers produce over 85 per cent of PNG’s annual coffee crops, making coffee a crucial source of income for more than 2.5 million Papua New Guineans. But despite its importance to rural livelihoods and the PNG economy, coffee production and quality has been in steady decline since the 1990s.
One of the main problems faced by coffee farmers in Papua New Guinea is the poor quality of basic infrastructure such as rural roads. This often leads to coffee remaining unsold on farms, which cannot be consumed and results in consequent loss of revenue or in distress sale of produce to even maintain subsistence level of living. Other problem areas highlighted are the changing of the cropping pattern from coffee to more economical crops or food crops, limited family land holdings restraining further growth, labour shortages creating difficulties during the main crop picking season and the unavoidable movement of the youth from villages to the urban areas in search of better job opportunities. Another significant problem faced by producers is the decline of coffee prices in the world market. Such a situation, when persists for long period, would call for subsidies to be provided by the government to small land holders so they can survive till prices improve.